How Many Prisons Are in California in 2023? State, Federal, Private Prison

In society nowadays, the global crime rate is growing at an alarming rate, and there are several steps that both individuals and governments may take to reduce crime. 

The number of Prisons in California.

Do you know how many Prisons are in California including State, Federal, and Private Prisons? If you don’t know that, don’t worry here you’ll get the answer.

There is debate over whether long-term prison or short-term prison sentences, which one is the most excellent approach to reduce crime, or whether alternative methods are preferable is one that many people support and reject. 

Most nations have national prison administrations that are reinforced by state or regional counterparts.

According to the State Prison System of California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation Division of Adult Institutions, California will house about 117,000 inmates by April 2020. To know more details about California prisons, Let’s have a glance.

How Many Prisons Are In California 2023?

The Waban, a 268-ton wooden ship, served as California’s first state prison in 1851. They anchored it in San Francisco Bay.

The California Health Treatment Facility, the state’s newest prison, opened in 2013 in response to the federal court’s decision in Plata v. Brown, which ruled that the state failed to provide a constitutional level of medical treatment to its prisoners.

The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation leads the following state prisons in the state of California. In California, the CDCR maintains 35 adult prisons with a total capacity of 85,083 inmates.

CDCR currently operates and maintains 34 state prisons. CDCR also assistants the California City Correctional Facility, which is a license from. 

In 2013, CoreCivic was part of an attempt to ease overcrowded state prisons. They held women in two institutions, the California Institute for Women and the Central California Women’s Facility, while men and women houses in different units at Folsom State Prison.

Men imprisoned on the Waban created San Quentin State Prison, which opened in 1852 and is California’s oldest running state prison. 

Number Of State Prison In California 2023

There are 35 state prisons in California and 42 conservation camps. So we’d like to point out that the 2020-21 budget proposal includes a plan to shut down two state prisons in the subsequent several years.

However, we should point out that the 2020-21 budget proposal includes a plan to shutter two state prisons in the following five years. The agency also regulates and serves around 56,500 adult prison inmates released from prison after finishing a term for a major offense. 

Someone often monitors the leftover prisoners outside by county probation departments underneath a system known as Post Release Community Supervision.

Number Of Federal Prison In California 2023

The Golden State, which is significant in both land and people, is also important to a range of state prisons. California has 13 stand-alone federal prisons and eight federal prison camps.


  • Atwater USP (Atwater, CA)
  • Herlong FCI (Herlong, CA)
  • Dublin FCI (Dublin, CA)
  •  Lompoc FCI (Lompoc, CA)
  •  Lompoc USP (Lompoc, CA)
  • Los Angeles MDC (Los Angeles, CA)
  • San Diego MCC (San Diego, CA)
  • Mendota FCI (Mendota, CA)
  •  Taft CI (Taft, CA)
  • Terminal Island FCI (Terminal Island, CA)
  •   Victorville Medium I FCI (Victorville, CA)
  •    Victorville Medium II FCI (Victorville, CA)
  •   Victorville USP (Victorville, CA)

Number Of Private Prison In California 2023

This shows that the more convicts such institutions can house–with harsher sentences—the more and more money they can gain.

Today’s private corporations that maintain prison complexes for the federal government house 8% of the US prison population, which is increasing.

America has the world’s largest prison population, with 2.2 million people imprisoned, and suspects private prisons of desperately wanting that figure to increase so that they can make more money. 

Upwards of 9,000 California state convicts incarcerate in private prisons, the vast majority being held in Arizona and Mississippi

California contracts with eight in-state prisons of different sizes besides the two out-of-state prisons. The state of California also used private and leased prisons. California currently has 35 adult facilities.

There are about 8,763 California inmates held in private out-of-state facilities, while 4,170 keep in a contract.

As per Joe Orlando, a representative for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, which is also in charge of the state’s 180,000 inmates, the state continues to employ private prisons to reduce its overall prison population to comply with a court order. Facilities inside the state.


Despite the scale of the state’s prison infrastructure demands and the likelihood of prison closures soon, the state must have a short-term and long-term plan for managing its prison infrastructure. 

While many affluent democracies lock up more people than California, it does not lock up nearly as many of its citizens as many other states with high imprisonment rates (prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice institutions).

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